Hydration

Signs of Dehydration 

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Preventing dehydration is the key intervention to preventing Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)

  • Ensure adequate fluid consumption. Usual amount is around 1500 - 2000 ml (6-8 glasses) each day. If patients are fluid restricted follow the guidance provided
  • Soups, jelly, gravy, sauces are also a good way of increasing fluid content for elderly that are unable to drink as much
  • Fluid should be consumed regularly throughout the day
  • Ensure choice of cup and drinks is appropriate for the individual
  • Try coloured cups
  • Regular bladder emptying throughout the day is key to preventing UTIs especially after long periods of sitting and lying down
  • Seek immediate advice if there are any constipation or continence issues. Decreasing fluid does not decrease incontinence risk but in fact does the opposite
  • Carry a drinks bottle around for mobile individuals
  • Maintaining good hand hygiene
  • Colour of urine is a good indicator of hydration - general rule of adequate hydration is the lighter and clearer the urine the better. See below

hydration

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Under 5's with Dehydration 

Children should get plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration. Some of the signs of dehydration in children under 5 years include:

  • Seem drowsy
  • Breathe fast
  • Have few or no tears when crying
  • Have soft spot on their head that sinks inward (sunken fontanelle)
  • Have a dry mouth
  • Has dark yellow urine
  • Have cold and blotchy hands and feet

if your baby or child shows any of the above symptoms - please call your GP or if you are getting increasingly concerned visit your nearest A&E. 

It is common for young children to become dehydrated. It can be serious if not dealt with quickly. 

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